Guinea-Bissau was part of the Portuguese Empire for centuries, with 14% of the population speaking Portuguese.
The country, with an estimated population of 2 million, was once part of the kingdom of Gabu, as well as, part of the Mali Empire.
Gaining independence on this day in 1973 and formally recognized by Portugal in 1974, the name of its capital, Bissau, was added to the country’s name to prevent confusion with the Republic of Guinea.
Guinea-Bissau has had a long period of political instability which has ruined its economic and social conditions.
There are diverse religions in Guinea-Bissau. According to CIA World Factbook, 40% of its population are Muslims, 22% Christians, 15% Animists and 18% unspecified.
With an economy that depends largely on fish, cashew nuts, and groundnuts, the GDP per capita is one of the lowest in the world as more than two-thirds of the population lives below the poverty line.
Despite the challenges faced by Guinea-Bissau, these are some of the amazing places the country has to offer:
Museum of African Artefacts
The Museum of African Artefacts can be found in the capital city, Bissau. For those looking for a place to get intimate with the country’s history, this is the best place to be.
Other items which are displayed in the museum include traditional pottery, weaving, sculpture, and basket-ware comprising the artistic talent of craftsmen in the ancient Kingdom of Gabu.
Ilhas de Orango National Park
This park, formed by several islands, is located in the west of Bubaque within 93 km from Bissau City. The main islands on which the IIhas de Orango National Park is located include Oran go, Canoga, Imbone, Meneque, and Orangozinho.
This famed park covers an area of 27, 000 hectares of land with forest, mangroves, coastal wooded savannah, channels and shallow seas.
The Museu Nacional is the national ethnographic museum of Guinea located in the city, Bissau. This museum contains some exhibits of ethnography and prehistory of Guinea and has a large collection of masks and fetishes, as well as, a diverse range of art.
The Saltinho Waterfall is one of the few interesting waterfalls in Guinea-Bissau. Located under the bridge, along the main road from Southern Guinea-Bissau, it also has a famous hotel called the “Pousada do Saltinho” which overlooks the falls.
This waterfall plays host to Portuguese hunters who visit the country looking to explore a game reserve
Mercado Central is the largest market found in Bissau. It is a lively market, where agricultural products like cayu, mango, banana, foli, among others, are sold.
Dulombi-Boe National Park
Worldlist.travel describes the Dulombi-Boe National Park as a land unknown and unmapped. It is the largest of Guinea-Bissau’s national parks.
It offers winding river channels and pockets of riparian woodland. There are large stretches of grassy savannah and a lot of wildlife.