Three Tunisian heroes who fought against French colonialists

Habib Bourguiba
Statue of Tunisia’s first President Habib Bourguiba Habib Bourguiba

Tunisian heroes who sacrificed their blood, sweat and tears to free the North African nation from the shackles of colonialism.

Habib Bourguiba

Born on August 3, 1903, he was a lawyer and nationalist and the first president of Tunisia serving from 1957 to 1987. Bourguiba earned the title of “Supreme Combatant” after playing a pivotal role in ending France’s 75-year colonial grip on Tunisia.

A co-founder of then-popular anti-imperialist Neo Destour political party, Bourguiba was arrested and exiled several times for leading rebellions against colonial France. He died on April 6, 2000, and was buried in a mausoleum in the city of Monastir.

Habib Bourguiba
Habib Bourguiba
Tomb of Bourguiba
Tomb of Bourguiba

Farhat Hached

Farhat Hached
Farhat Hached

He was one of the leaders of the Tunisian national movement, a pro-independence movement that resisted French imperialism and championed the cause for independence. Hached was assassinated by French intelligence services on December 5, 1952. The announcement of his assassination triggered protests and riots across Tunisia and other Muslim and Arab cities.

Salah ben Youssef

Salah ben Youssef
Salah ben Youssef

Salah ben Youssef

Also a key leader of the Tunisian national movement, Salah ben Youssef met the same fate as his compatriot Farhat Hached. He was assassinated in Frankfurt am Main, Germany on August 12, 1961.

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